定语从句课件ppt内容预览：结构比较1.人（n.)+who +从句比较：一位漂亮的女孩a beautiful girl形容词做定语a girl who is beautiful从句做定语(girl是先行词）2.物（n.)+that +从句比较：一本有趣的书an interesting book形容词做定语a book that is very interesting从句做定语（book是先行词）成分比较Whohat在从句中可担任:1.主语2.宾语I love singers . Singers write their own songs.pptI love singers who write their own songs.who在从句中用作主语。He is the man . I met the man yesterday.He is the man who(whom) I met yesterday.who在从句中用作宾语。I like music. I can dance to music.I like music that I can dance to.that在从句中用作宾语。I prefer a sandwich. A sandwich is really delicious.I prefer a sandwich that is really delicious.that在从句中用作主语。that 和who 在句中做主语时不能省略，做宾语时可以省略。I like music (that) I can dance to.He is the man (who) I met yesterday.定语从句中谓语动词的单复数应与先行词保持一致.I prefer movies that are scary.I like a sandwich that is really delicious.I love singers who are beautiful.I have a friend who plays sports.Fill in each blank. Use the word “who”or “that”1. I don’t like movies _____ I can’t understand.2. I like friends _____play sports.3. Celia doesn’t like people _____are always late.4. Singers like bands _____don’t play too loud.5. It’s difficult to pronounce words ____are very long.6. It’s the kind of food _____makes you thirsty.thatwhowhothatthatthatLin Hui likes books that _____short.I have a friend who _____the piano well.I like people who _____interesting.My parents prefer music that ____quiet.Rose loves foods that_____unusual.We like musicians who _____loud music.areareisareplayplayswhose 在定语从句中作定语。I know a lady whose husband is a Nobel Prize winner.She is a beautiful girl whose hair is brown.when 在定语从句中作时间状语。I will never forget the day when I joined theLeague.where 在定语从句中作地点状语。This the place where he was born.why 在定语从句中作地点状语。We don’t know the reason why he came late.我永远也忘不了我们在一起工作的日子。I will never forget the days. We worked together in the days.I will never forget the days when we work together.那就是我出生的城市。That is the city. I was born in that city.That is the city where I was born.他告诉了我他为什么迟到的原因。He told me the reason. He was late because of that.He told me the reason why he was late.这是那个男孩从上面摔下来的树。This is the tree. The boy fell off from it.This is the tree that the boy fell off from.你可以参加你感兴趣的任何体育活动。You can take part in any sports. You are interested in the sports.You can take part in any sports that you are interested in.全世界闻名的鲁迅写了许多书。Lu Xun wrote a lot of books. His name was well-known to the world.Lu Xun whose name was well-known to the world wrote a lot of books.夹克衫是蓝色的司机是李明。The driver was Li Ming. His jacket is blue.The driver whose jacket is blue was LiMing.请告诉我你跟他学画画的人。Please tell me the person. You learn from him how to draw pictures.Please tell me the person who (whom)you learn from how to draw pictures.