语法板块专题复习ppt课件

  • 发布时间:2022-06-17
  • 课件大小:205 KB
  • 所属栏目:高三英语
  • 课件格式:.rar(压缩解压).ppt(使用格式)
  • 课件等级:语法板块专题复习ppt课件推荐等级为4星
  • 简略标题:语法板块专题复习
  • 应用环境:多媒体教学
  • 制作使用:PowerPoint
  • 应用阶段:通用版本

语法板块专题复习ppt课件介绍

语法板块专题复习ppt课件内容预览:专题八 定语从句-2-development dangerous decreasing decision delay-3-译文:不可否认,随着数十年经济的发展,人们的生活水平迅速提高。然而,空气和水的质量却在降低,人们的健康水平却在下降,一些好的耕地也被破坏。黎明晨练的人们不戴防护不敢出去。他们感到对健康有危险,他们的幸福感也下降了很多。他们要求政府做出决定并采取措施来改善目前的局面,这将产生巨大的影响。-4-答案解析-5-答案解析-6-答案解析-7-答案解析-8-答案解析-9-答案解析-10-答案解析-11-答案解析-12-一二-13-一二二、考点(一)定语从句只能用that引导的情况:1.当先行词是最高级或被最高级修饰时。This is the most interesting book that I have ever read.这是我曾经读过的最有趣的一本书。2.当先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰时。The second foreign country that I expect to visit is Greek.我想去参观的第二个国家是希腊。3.当先行词是all,few,little,much,everything,anything,nothing,something等不定代词时。He didn’t refer to anything that had happened to him these years in his letter.在信中他没有提及这些年发生在他身上的任何事情。-14-一二4.当先行词既有人又有物时。Do you know the things and persons that they are talking about?你知道他们正在谈论的人和事吗?5.当先行词被the only,the every,the right,the same等修饰时。①He was the only person that witnessed the accident.他是唯一一个见证这次事故的人。②This is the very good dictionary that I want to buy.这正是我要买的那本好词典。6.在以which,who,whom引起的问句中,为避免重复,常用that。①Who is the man that is standing there?站在那边的那个人是谁?②Which is the T-shirt that fits me most?最适合我的T恤衫是哪一件?-15-一二7.在there be句型中。There are few books in the library that are helpful for my experiment.图书馆里没有对我的实验有帮助的书。(二)定语从句只能用which引导的情况:1.关系代词指物,做介词宾语的时候。China has 56nationalities,each of which has its own characteristics,forming the various and colorful Chinese culture.中国有56个民族,每个民族都有自己的特点,它们形成了丰富多彩的中国文化。2.关系代词指前面的整个句子,引导非限制性定语从句时。He failed in the exam,which made his father very angry.他考试不及格,这使他父亲很生气。-16-一二-17-一二This is the scientist whose name is known all over the country.=This is the scientist the name of whom is known all over the country.=This is the scientist of whom the name is known all over the country.这就是那位全国知名的科学家。The classroom,whose door is broken,will soon be repaired.=The classroom,the door of which is broken,will soon be repaired.=The classroom,of which the door is broken,will soon be repaired.门破了的那间教室很快就会被维修。-18-一二(四)关系代词as 的应用范围1.as 和which一样可以引导非限制性定语从句,这两个关系代词都指整个主句内容(as 通常译为“正如”),且在定语从句中都可以做主语和宾语。但不同之处主要有两点:①as 引导的定语从句可置于句首,而which不可。As is known to everybody,the moon travels round the earth once every month.=The moon travels round the earth once every month,as/which is known to everybody.众所周知,月亮每月围绕地球转一周。-19-一二②as 代表前面的整个主句并在从句中做主语时,从句中的谓语必须是系动词;若为实义动词,则从句中的关系代词只能用which。The weather turned out to be very good,as was more than we could expect.天气变得非常好了,这超出了我们的预料。It rained hard yesterday,which prevented me from going to the park.昨天雨下得很大,这使我没能去公园。-20-一二2.当先行词被the same,such修饰时,定语从句需用as引导。①I bought the same book as you have.我买了一本跟你的一样的书。②This is such an easy math problem as everyone can work out.(比较:This is such an easy math problem that everyone can work it out.)这是一道如此简单的数学题,每个人都能解决。③He’ll marry as pretty a girl as he can find.他将与他能找到的最漂亮的女孩结婚。注意:当先行词被the same修饰时,that也可引导定语从句,但意义有所不同。the same...as(指同样或同类的),the same...that(指同一个)This is the same pen as I lost.这支钢笔与我丢的那支一样。This is the same pen that I lost.这就是我丢的那支钢笔。-21-一二(五)定语从句关系词的判断方法1.方法一:观察从句中的谓语动词。不及物动词后面无宾语,就必须要求用关系副词或者是介词加关系代词;而及物动词后接宾语,则要求用关系代词。①This is the mountain village where I stayed last year.=This is the mountain village (which) I visited last year.这是我去年待过的小山村。②I’ll never forget the days when I worked together with you.=I’ll never forget the days (which) I spent with you.我永远不会忘记过和你在一起工作的日子。-22-一二-23-一二(六)“介词+关系词”中介词的确定1.根据后面动词和介词的搭配关系选择。①This is not the book of which the teacher spoke in class.(speak of 意为“谈及”,相当于talk of)这不是那本老师在课堂上谈及的那本书。②The two things of which they felt proud were Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair.(be/feel proud of 为固定短语,意为“以……自豪”。)他们感到自豪的两样东西分别是吉姆的金表和戴拉的头发。-24-一二2.根据前面的名词的搭配关系选择。①I’ll never forget the day on which I first met him.(表示具体的某一天,用介词on)我永远不会忘记我第一次见到他的那一天。②The boy pointed to the direction in which he would run.(“朝……方向”,用介词in)那个男孩指着他要跑去的方向。③He came to a farm,on which he finally settled.(“在农场上”,用介词on)他来到了一个农场,并在那里最终定居了下来。-25-一二(七)定语从句的几个特别之处1.“介词+where”引导的定语从句。有时我们可以见到“介词+where”引导的定语从句,此时要和“介词+which”引导的定语从句从意思上加以区别。①He stood at the window,from where she could see nothing but a blank wall.他站在窗边,从那里除了一面白墙外他什么也看不到。(from where=from at the window,而不是from the window)②I was th

课件关键字:板块,语法

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