高三英语垂悬分词ppt课件

  • 发布时间:2013-03-27
  • 课件大小:107 KB
  • 所属栏目:高三英语
  • 课件格式:.rar(压缩解压).ppt(使用格式)
  • 课件等级:高三英语垂悬分词ppt课件推荐等级为3星
  • 简略标题:高三英语垂悬分词
  • 应用环境:多媒体教学
  • 制作使用:PowerPoint
  • 应用阶段:通用版本

高三英语垂悬分词ppt课件介绍

高三英语垂悬分词ppt课件内容预览:Tired but happy,the bus whisked us home.我们虽然疲乏,但很高兴,公共汽车飞快地把我们送到了家。这种分词在语法上被称作垂悬分词(dangling participle),也叫无依着分词。垂悬分词从起源上来说,是语言的错误使用(performance error),即将分词的主语与句子的主语错误联系,从而产生垂悬分词,所以有人又叫它错关联分词(misrelated participle)。垂悬分词通常出现在句子开头或接近开头的位置,与句子中的其它成分不产生必要的句法关系,特别是它与句子主语无逻辑关系。鉴于这种特点,垂悬分词别名为:独立分词(absolute participle)或孤立分词(isolated participle)。垂悬分词多数为现在分词,少数为过去分词。本文将从使用场合和情况对垂悬分词进行分类、归纳和总结。1.当分词主语是不定人称时,如:When dining in the restaurant,a jacket and tie are required.2.当分词的主语是表示时间、天气、自然现象等的无人称代词it时,如:Being Christmas,the government offices were closed.3.当分词的暗含主语是句子的整体时,如:The siren sounded,indicating that the air-raid was over.Unknown to his closest advisers,he had secretly negotiated with an enemy emissary.4.在正式科技文章中,分词前常常带有连词,其主语通常与I,we,you等同,如:When installing a boiler,the floor space which is available is very important.When treating patients with language retardation and deviation of language development,the therapy consists,in part,of discus-sions of the patients’problems with patients and teachers,with subsequent language teaching carried out by them.5.垂悬分词最常见于方式分离状语(style disjunct),表明说话人对所说的话的方式、条件以及说话人的态度或看法,这种用法可细分为以下几种情况:ppta.说话者用垂悬分词引出话题,如:talking of,getting back to,coming to等,意思为“谈到……,关于……,回到……”等,请看例句:Getting back to our story,the princess was killed.Coming to this question,Isayno.b.垂悬分词表明说话者的说话方式,如:putting it mildly,frankly speaking,generally speaking,roughly speaking,broadly speaking,biologically speaking等,请看例句:Putting it mildly,you have caused us some inconvenience.Generally speaking,dogs are more faithful to men than cats.c.有些垂悬分词或词组表明说话的依据或视角,如:judging from,according to,considering,viewing it from,seeing,例如:Judging from his expression,he is in a bad mood.According to Barthes,the author had died.Considering the low price,the car is worth buying.d.有些垂悬分词或词组还为说话者所说内容的成立提供条件,如:providing(that),provided(that),supposing,given,意思为“if或with”,wanting和failing意思为“without”。例如:

课件关键字:英语,分词

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