匈奴与十六国统治ppt课件

发布时间:2013-04-10

课件大小:0.36 MB

所属栏目:基础类

课件格式:.rar(压缩解压).ppt(使用格式)

课件等级:匈奴与十六国统治ppt课件推荐等级为3星

简略标题:匈奴与十六国统治

应用环境:应用于多媒体教学

制作使用软件:PowerPoint

应用阶段:历史

匈奴与十六国统治ppt课件介绍及下载


匈奴与十六国统治ppt课件内容预览:Sixteen Kingdoms (304-439)Xiongnu kingdomsEstablishment of Han-ZhaoFormer Zhao (304-312)Hebei Shansi borderGoverning theHan-ZhaoThe Establishment of Later Zhao (319-312)Hebei Shansi borderGoverning the LaterZhaoThe end of the LaterZhaoEstablishment of the Northern Liang (397-439)GansuCorridorThe End of the NorthernLiangThe Xia (Da Xia)(407-439)OrdosPateauIntroductionpptThe nomads used to try to keep out of Chinese civil wars.But when the Han Dynasty was falling apart,it invited the Xiongnu, Xianbei and others to help crush the rebels (188).After the Han dynasty collapsed, China was divided into three kingdoms – Wei 魏(220-265)along the northern border, Shu-Han 蜀漢 (221-263)in Sichuan,and Wu 吳(222-280)in the south.The Wei Kingdom headed by Cao Cao’s 曹操family and it tried to keep China’s frontier secure by using a policy of indirect rule over the tribal peoples settled in China’s borders.It provided liberal subsidies and access to trade for nomads living beyond its control.It settled 19tribes of the Xiongnu around Taiyuan 太原but the Xiongnu maintained their own political organization and lifestyle within China’s borders.The Chinese held the Xiongnu Shanyu hostage but the Xiongnu remained a potential threat as the local leaders became more powerful.Introduction (2)In 265,the Sima family who had served the Wei kingdom usurped the throne and established the Jin 晋dynasty (265-420).Since Wei had already conquered Shu-Han the Sima family needed only to conquer the southern kingdom of Wu to unify all ofChina.There were few problems with the nomads in the north as the Jin dynasty maintained Wei’s old policies.After the Jin united the country,it tried to disband much of the military but many of the Jin Princes in the provinces refused to disband their personal armies.The soldiers from the disbanded armies were unemployed and many sold weapons to border tribes.The Jin found that their best protection was to supply gifts and trade to the frontier so that the nomads would continue to extort the Dynasty but would not try to destroy it.Introduction (3)The first Jin emperor divided his new empire into 19provinces and appointed princes to manage these regions;28members of the Sima family had been enfeoffed and so power was decentralized.The Dynasty included 15emperors but;at times there were 18little rulers fighting among themselves for imperial authority.Beginning around 292,the Jin faced internal conflict with factions at court using assassination to clear away rivals.
课件关键字:匈奴与十六国统治,匈奴,十六,统治。
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