中国朝代(隋、唐、宋)ppt课件

发布时间:2013-03-31

课件大小:0.28 MB

所属栏目:基础类

课件格式:.rar(压缩解压).ppt(使用格式)

课件等级:中国朝代(隋、唐、宋)ppt课件推荐等级为3星

简略标题:中国朝代(隋、唐、宋)

应用环境:应用于多媒体教学

制作使用软件:PowerPoint

应用阶段:历史

中国朝代(隋、唐、宋)ppt课件介绍及下载


中国朝代(隋、唐、宋)ppt课件内容预览:The Sui Dynasty (Chinese:隋朝;pinyin:suícháo;581-618)followed the Southern and Northern Dynasties and preceded the Tang Dynasty in China. It ended nearly four centuries of division between rival regimes.The Sui Dynasty,founded by Emperor Wen,or Yang Jian,held its capital at Chang’an (present-day Xi’an). It was marked by the reunification of Southern and Northern China and the construction of the Grand Canal,though it was a relatively short Chinese dynasty. It saw various reforms by Emperors Wen and Yang:the land equalization system,initiated to rce the rich-poor social gap,resulted in enhanced agricultural productivity;governmental power was centralized,and coinage was standardized and unified;defense was improved,and the Great Wall was expanded. Buddhism was also spread and encouraged throughout the empire,uniting the varied people and cultures ofChina.SuiDynastyThis dynasty has often been compared to the earlier Qin Dynasty in tenure and the ruthlessness of its accomplishments. The Sui dynasty’s early demise was attributed to the government’s tyrannical demands on the people,who bore the crushing burden of taxes and compulsory labor. These resources were overstrained in the completion of the Grand Canal--a monumental engineering feat--and in the undertaking of other construction projects,including the reconstruction of the Great Wall. Weakened by costly and disastrous military campaigns against Korea in the early seventh century,the dynasty disintegrated through a combination of popular revolts,disloyalty,and assassination.Buddhism and the SuiDynastyBuddhism was popular during the Six Dynasties period that preceded the Sui dynasty,spreading from India through Kushan Afghanistan into China during the Late Han period. Buddhism gained prominence during the period,when central political control was limited. Buddhism created a unifying cultural force that uplifted the people out of war and into the Sui Dynasty. In many ways, Buddhism was responsible for the rebirth of culture in China under theSui.TangDynastyThe Tang Dynasty (Chinese:唐朝;pinyin: Tángcháo)(June 18,618– June 4,907)followed the Sui Dynasty and preceded the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period in China. The dynasty was interrupted by the Second Zhou Dynasty (October 16,690– March 3,705)when Empress Wu Zhao seized the throne. The dynasty was founded by the Li family.TangDynastyThe Tang Dynasty,with its capital at Chang’an (present-day Xi’an),the most populous city in the world at the time,is regarded by historians as a high point in Chinese civilization —equal to or surpassing that of the Han Dynasty. Its territory,acquired through the military campaigns of its early rulers,was greater than that of the Han period,and rivaled that of the later Yuan Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. Stimulated by contact with India and the Middle East,the Empire saw a flowering of creativity in many fields. Buddhism,originating in India around the time of Confucius,continued to flourish during the Tang period and was adopted by the imperial family,becoming thoroughly sinicized and a permanent part of Chinese traditional culture. However,the emperor feared the power of the Buddhist monasteries and began enforcing measures against them during the 10th century. Buddhism never returned to its former height in China. Block printing made the written word available to vastly greater audiences.
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