东亚的传统与变化ppt课件

发布时间:2013-02-02

课件大小:0.57 MB

所属栏目:基础类

课件格式:.rar(压缩解压).ppt(使用格式)

课件等级:东亚的传统与变化ppt课件推荐等级为3星

简略标题:东亚的传统与变化

应用环境:应用于多媒体教学

制作使用软件:PowerPoint

应用阶段:大学历史

东亚的传统与变化ppt课件介绍及下载


东亚的传统与变化ppt课件内容预览:Ming (“Brilliant”)dynasty comes to power after Mongol Yuan dynasty driven outFounded by Emperor Hongwu (r.1368-1398)Used traveling officials called Mandarins and large number of eunuchs to maintain controlEmperor Yongle (r.1403-1424)experiments with sea expeditions,moves capital north to Beijing to deter Mongol attacksMing China,1368-1644The GreatWallOrigins before 4th century BCE,ruins from Qin dynasty in 3rd centuryBCERebuilt under Ming rule,15th-16th centuries1,550miles,33-49feet highGuard towersRoom for housing soldiersThe Great Wall ofChinaEradicating the MongolPastMing emperors encourage abandonment of Mongol names,dressSupport study of Confucian classicspptCivil service examinations renewedMingDecline16th century maritime pirates harm coastal tradeNavy,government unable to respond effectivelyEmperors secluded in Forbidden City,palace compound inBeijingHedonistsEmperor Wanli (r.1572-1620)abandons imperial activity to eunuchsMingCollapseFamine,peasant rebellions in early 17th centuryRebels take Beijing in 1644Manchu fighters enter from the north and retake cityManchus refuse to allow reestablishment of Ming dynastyEstablish Qing (“Pure”)DynastyThe Qing empire,1644-1911The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911)Manchus originally pastoral nomads,north of GreatWallChieftan Nurhaci (r.1616-1626)unifies tribes into state,develops laws,militaryEstablishes control over Korea, Mongolia,ChinaWar with Ming loyalists to 1680Support from many Chinese,fed up with Ming corruptionManchus forbid intermarriage,study of Manchu language by Chinese,force Manchu hairstyles as sign of loyaltyEmperor Kangxi (r.1661-1722)Confucian scholar,poetMilitary conquests:island of Taiwan, Tibet,centralAsiaGrandson Emperor Qianlong (r.1736-1795)expands territoryHeight of Qing dynastyGreat prosperity,tax collection cancelled on several occasionsThe “Son ofHeaven”Ming, Qing Emperors considered quasi-divineHundreds of concubines,thousands of eunuch servantsClothing designs,name characters forbidden to rest of populationThe kowtow:three bows,nine head-knocksTheScholar-BureaucratsRan government on a day-to-day basisGraduates from intense civil service examinationsOpen only to menCurriculum: Confucian classics,calligraphy,poetry,essay writingAlso:history,literatureThe Civil ServiceExaminationsDistrict,provincial,and metropolitan levelsOnly 300allowed to pass at highest levelMultiple attempts commonStudents expected to bring bedding,chamber pots for three-day uninterrupted examinations
课件关键字:东亚的传统与变化,东亚,传统,变化。
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